Many child abuse allegations are prosecuted based almost exclusively on the statements of the alleged victim or on statements of medical personnel in the absence of reliably corroborated evidence of abuse. There is a considerable body of scientific research that addresses specific factors that may impact the reliability of such statements. This presentation will review specific areas for consideration when reviewing statements of alleged child victims including the potential effects of multiple interviews, improper interviewing techniques, bias, source misattribution errors, factors external to the child's interview and psychotherapy. This presentation will also address medical diagnoses of abuse, including strategies for understanding records, evaluating relevant literature and crafting narratives from complicated evidence. Specific strategies for information gathering and the use of experts will be presented and successful examples of the application of these strategies will be given.